All About the Bench Press

I have been inundated with questions about the bench press.  While far from a good bench presser, here are some tips/tricks that I’ve written over the past year or so.  Eat up.

The popularity of the bench press needs no introduction – it’s the Prom King, captain of the football team and is banging the hottest cheerleader. Besides questions on accessory work, the bench press and how to increase it (and jelquing does not work) is the top question I get asked. But anytime I give advice to someone they respond with a host of reasons why it won’t work for them.

So let’s present some of the best ways to increase your bench press, the excuses and then responses to the excuses.

1. Gain Weight – by far the best, most effective and easiest way to increase your bench press. You put on weight, you put weight on the bar. Works like a Viagra/Cialis speedball.

Excuse #1 – “I’m already fat and I need to lose weight.”

Answer – if your goal is to lose weight, then you should focus on that. The focus should not be on increasing your bench press. You can’t serve two masters, at least not for very long.

Excuse #2 – “I can’t gain weight! (insert multitude of excuses here)

Answer – You simply need to eat more or stop doing 10 rounds of burpees supersetted with power cleans for 30 minutes. If you aren’t gaining weight it’s simply because you aren’t willing to do what it takes. Like my coach Dino Babers always said, “Don’t tell me about the pain, just deliver the baby.”

2. Get Stronger Shoulders – this is especially true if you are a raw bench presser and need strength from the bottom. The Press is perfect for strengthening the shoulders.

Excuse #1 – “I can’t do Presses because it hurts my shoulder.”

Answer – There are three solutions to this. First, get your shoulder problems worked out. Second, bomb your shoulders with different raises and make it a priority. And finally, if your shoulders can handle lighter Presses, do the Press/lateral/rear lateral giant set I detailed in a Blood and Chalk article. Works perfect.

3. Be Patient – besides the Press no exercise takes more time to increase than the Bench Press. This is especially true when you consider this is the exercise that most people have done the longest and most consistent.

Excuse #1 – “It’s been X amount of months and my bench has gone nowhere!”

Answer – you need to learn to program better. You have to learn how to use sub-max training and some heavier singles in your training while still allowing for good and bad days. This is exactly what the 5/3/1 program and the PL version of the program is all about. Having a simple program that allows you to figure out what really works is essential.

Scrapping everything is the worst idea you can do – then you’ll never know which new thing actually works. So have a good “base” program and make sure it is flexible enough to add/subtract things to without losing the identity of the program.

I have had a long and difficult relationship with the bench press. In fact, I SUCK at the bench press and have for years. I’ve had to fight for every pound that I’ve gotten. But sub max lifting, with some heavier singles, shoulder work and patience has made all the difference in the world to me. It took me 7 years to increase my bench from 300-400. It took me 4 months to go from 400 to 455. And I owe all of that to eating more, shoulder work and being smarter in my program.

Geared Bench vs. Raw Bench

There are the obvious ones, such as the bar touching lower when wearing a bench shirt (way lower!) and the slower rate of descent with a shirt (unless you believe in the myth of tempo training).

There are a few other things that I think people tend to overlook:

  • Raw bench = Upper back; Shirt bench = Lats. Please understand that both the lats and upper back are used in both benches, but because of where the bar starts and is lowered, the lats and upper back are emphasized differently in each lift.

With a shirt bench, the bar begins far out over the chest/stomach area. The lats need to be held very tight to keep the bar path strong and correct. With a raw bench, the bar is lowered much higher, thus the upper back is taking much of the weight. That’s why raw benching is cooler – it gives you a good excuse to do a ton of upper back and trap work.

  • Grip width. In general, benching with a shirt allows a wider grip (legal maximum width) to be used without any danger of injury. When benching sans shirt, the grip should come in to ensure shoulder and pectoral health.
  • Strength curve. When benching with a shirt, you need a VERY strong lockout as the bench shirt changes the strength curve of the lift. With a raw bench, you need to be very strong off the chest and in the middle portion of the lift. Now don’t get me wrong – both lifters need both portions to be strong, but there’s a big difference when the strength curve is changed.

When in doubt, just get really, really strong. It tends to cure most problems in training – and life.

More Advice for the Bench Press

For most people, myself included, the answer for most lifting and training problems is to do more. While this often works, it’s not always a sure solution.

For example, if I’m getting ready to have a big week pressing, I’ll take a week or two OFF from any kind of pressing accessory movements. This allows my chest and shoulders some time to recover and not stress them. This doesn’t mean I don’t press or bench press; it means that my accessory work is usually a lot of lat and upper back work.

So with this example in mind, understand that the best solution is not always to do more. It might be best to back off a bit and let your body recover instead. This might mean to lower the training max of your program, or keep the same training max and only do the prescribed reps. But since 1% of you will never do this and will choose the more volume route, here are two suggestions:

• Perform the bench press sets as written, then repeat the first set again, but go all out on this set, too.

• Perform the bench press sets as written, and repeat the percentages on the way down. For example, on the 3×5 week you would do 65% x5, 75% x5, 85% x5+, 75% x5, and 65% x 5+.

I assume most of you are doing chins and pull-ups between all your pressing sets. Be sure to continue to do this with these extra pressing sets to keep everything in balance.

Bench Grip and Width

Well, I’m with you on this one. I made the switch to all close-grip pressing and have had no problems. It’s better to bench a few pounds less over 20 years than bench big once and have the rest of your life limited to dumbbells, machines, or nothing at all.

Most people who do wide grip benching and switch to a closer press will have an initial drop off in strength. But over time, you’ll build it back up. And I think this is a small price to pay for a lifetime of healthy bench pressing (and any pressing).

There are a select few people who can press wide for a long period of time (without a bench shirt) but these people are a rare breed. It’s best to learn from those that have come before you and have suffered shoulder injuries. And don’t forget, a bad shoulder will limit your squatting, too.

Bottom line: stick with the closer grip.

Board Presses

While pin presses have their place in certain programming instances, the majority of power lifters [not necessarily bodybuilders] have found a bigger carryover to their bench press with the good old-fashioned board press. The pin press is really good at allowing you to lift a tremendous amount of weight — on the pin press. It doesn’t necessarily transfer to the actual full range bench press. So it’s a good ego boost but not much else.

Board pressing is a good assistance exercise for longer limbed lifters and shirted benchers. Just be wary that you don’t turn into a good board presser and a shitty bench presser. These people make great gains on partial lifts week after week, month after month, only to try a full range bench press on competition day and fail miserably. This is also seen on box squats and rack pulls.

Partial reps can help people, but don’t center your entire program around doing half reps. You’ll only get half results.

Assistance Work for the Bench Press

Let me start off by saying that the two most important things to improve your bench press are:

Proper programming.

Gaining weight.

Although I’m a bit biased when it comes to programming (see my 5/3/1 Manual as an example of what I consider to be proper programming), just make sure you have a goal and a well thought out (and well mapped out) plan.

Now with the gaining weight issue — I’m expecting someone to hop onto the discussion thread to beak at me about some mythical lifter in an imaginary gym in North Dakota who benches 450 while weighing 135lbs or something ridiculous.

Even if this super-stud is anything more than a figment of your prepubescent imagination, never use the exception to prove the rule. (Please write that last statement on the waistband of your Fruit of the Looms and review daily.)

I can also imagine that the small but painfully vocal segment of 155-pound T NATION readers are rolling their sunken eyes because they’re afraid of losing their precious four-packs.

To all the calorie-phobes out there, here’s a relevant (I promise) story for you: strength coach Will Heffernan was recently challenged to bench press 180 kilos, which for you Americans who’ve never bothered to venture beyond our borders is close to 400lbs. Six weeks prior, Will had benched 350lbs.

During the six weeks leading up to his 400lbs. attempt, Will trained his bench only two to three times, but simply ATE his way to achieve a bigger bench press.

Obviously, Will reached his goal (or I’d have been lying about the whole relevant story thing) but he is clearly not alone. If you want to get stronger, especially in the upper body lifts, you’re going to have to gain some weight.

Remember what your primary goal is. Your goal is that you want to increase your bench press. You can’t then go and put a bunch of limitations on your goal, or you’ll simply end up sabotaging yourself.

Psychologically, you’re just making it much easier to not reach your goal and have a great excuse already in place to fall back on. Simply put, you’re afraid of success and want to fail. So if you want to man up and increase your bench, eat more and train smart.

Now as far as assistance lifts are concerned, you have to look at the bench press and see what muscles are involved in making you stronger. Primary muscles would be the chest, shoulders, and triceps.

Secondary muscles would be the lats, upper back, and biceps. Now since I’m a big fan of training efficiency, I always try to pick exercises that provide a lot of bang-for-the-buck.

Dips — Weighted and non-weighted. I have a raging man-crush on this exercise and feel like it is one of the better exercises I’ve ever done for my upper body. Also, I get an absolutely obnoxious pump when doing it, so it’s great to use before you go out on Friday night.

Dumbbell Bench Press — not much to say about this one except PLEASE use a full range of motion with this. That’s why you’re using dumbbells.

Military Press — I think this is so important that I use it as a core lift in my own training (and the 5/3/1 program). Strong shoulders are paramount for a strong raw bench press. I always do them standing (that’s how you pee, so that’s how you press), with NO WIDER than a “thumbs width from smooth” grip, and a false grip. These are done to the front of the face.

Bradford Press — Begin by un-racking a barbell much like you would during a military press. Press the barbell so that it’s a couple inches over your head. At this point, lower the barbell behind your head. It should now resemble a behind the neck press.

Press back up so that the bar is a couple inches over your head, and bring the bar back to the front military press position. This would constitute one rep. By not locking out the weight, you’re putting the stress on your shoulders and keeping it off your triceps. This is best used for high reps (8-15). (See video at right.)

Weighted Pushups — You can do these while using Blast Straps, pushup handles, or just by placing your hands on the ground. Weighted pushups can be done a variety of ways: chains across the back/neck, bands in the hands/across the back, plates loaded on the back, or using a weighted vest (or a combination of the above).

One of the more popular variations of the weighted push-up looks something like this:

Perform three pushups with your bodyweight. Stay in the top push-up up position while your training partner loads two chains (zig-zag) across your shoulders and back. Perform three more pushups, hold the position again and add two more chains. Keep adding pairs of chains until you can’t complete the reps.

At this point, have your training partner take off two chains and continue doing three reps until you finish with your bodyweight.

Now for your upper back and lats, you have to understand the difference between raw benching and shirt benching. When you bench with a bench shirt, the bar is brought out to you farther and the bar touches much lower. When using a shirt you must have strong (and big) lats first, and upper back second. This is because the bar is more “in the lats” than upper back when using equipment.

Now with raw benching, you must have a very strong, stable and large upper back. This is because the bar will touch higher and you should be using a narrower grip — you must be “riding” high on your upper back for optimal support and strength. You don’t want to flatten out.

While face pulls and rear raises are good exercises, their limited loading potential makes them more akin to rehab and structural integrity.

For my sake, please don’t be that guy trying to max out on the face pull or perform rear delt raises with the 80lb bells, complete with super bent arms and the momentum of a swinging Richard. Please, just don’t.

For benching, I’ve found the rowing variations for building the upper back to be optimal. While I love pull-ups and chin-ups (I always do these, no matter what) it’s rowing for your bench that will make a big difference. The key is to row HIGH to your body, with your elbows slightly out. Don’t row to your stomach. I recommend using the bent over row, dumbbell row, and TC’s personal favorite, the T-bar (thong) row.

For biceps — Do barbell curls. Nothing revolutionary here; just be like Tiger and do them.

To sum up — Get stupid strong up front, and big and stabile in rear.

Stalling on the Bench Press

The first thing I’ll tell you to do is to relax and take a step back. How are your other lifts doing? If your other lifts were going well, then I wouldn’t worry too much about it. 75% of your training is kicking ass; don’t get too caught up in one lift. Everything goes in phases. When my pull is doing well, my press might be suffering.

But since you sound like you’re ready to start crying all over your mom’s keyboard, here are some simple tips:

Back off your training max. I’ve realized that some lifts need to be reset way more than others, even if I can get the requisite reps + a lot more. My deadlift is one of them. Higher reps make my deadlift go up, so I don’t need to train much heavier than 600lbs to pull over 700.

Make a commitment to getting strong shoulders. In other words, treat your standing press the same as you would any other major lift.

Back off or increase assistance work for your upper body — just make a change there.

Do some curls (yes, curls) if you’ve never done them before. This is a little secret that few people know about. Use a straight bar. Do 5 sets of 10 reps, once a week.

Last but not least, you’re probably too small. Gain weight. Stop typing. Eat.

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  • Comment by Brian — January 27, 2012 @ 4:27 pm

    Jim your the man just wanted to say thanks for all the advice all the time its kept me on top of my training and my life. I have read your stuff on benching before and it has had a greater effect on my bench than anything else. I have always had a shitty bench press and could never get it to progress until I started doing everything you suggested. Thanks for that. Also thank you for introducing me to Left Lane Crusier they shred.

  • Comment by Hans — January 27, 2012 @ 4:47 pm

    Primo as usual, sir.

  • Comment by Ben Hoben — January 27, 2012 @ 5:31 pm

    Great stuff as always. My bench is the worst of the four and seems to stall the most. Thanks for the ideas.

    Any truth to it that a tall guy like me with long arms will struggle more with the bench because of more distance to travel? Or just quit making excuses, man up and put weight on the bar?!

  • Comment by Paddy — January 28, 2012 @ 12:47 am

    I remember Heffernan bragging about that lift, did he ever tell you about the time he lost the bet to bench 100kg for 20 reps, he got 19. As you can imagine it did not go down well. I am off the eat more Wendys to improve my bench.

  • Comment by Chris — January 28, 2012 @ 3:04 am

    Do you do dips on overhead/military press day or bench day? I can’t seem to muster up much strength after doing 5/3/1 bench.

    My bench sucks a lot but I after reading this article, I thought that it was about a year and a half ago I couldn’t even bench 180 for a single rep. Yesterday I did it for 8.

  • Pingback by Jim Wendler on the barbell lying chest press - Sherdog Mixed Martial Arts Forums — January 28, 2012 @ 4:17 am

    [...] Wendler on the barbell lying chest press all-about-the-bench-press by Jim Wendler I think he's got some good points for people like me who suck at the bp. My favourite quote: [...]

  • Pingback by Training Logs, Squats vs Deadlifts, Truth About Bench Press, Art of Olympic Weightlifting and Discipline & Sacrafice | John Phung — January 29, 2012 @ 11:15 am

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  • Comment by Jim Wendler — January 29, 2012 @ 5:02 pm

    Chris – I did dips on both days.

  • Comment by Jim Wendler — January 29, 2012 @ 5:04 pm

    Of course you will have problems – but because you have longer arms, you generally will pull better. Not much you can do but keep plugging away, gain some weight and push forward.

  • Comment by TimE — January 31, 2012 @ 8:37 pm


    Since upper back is the focus, do you find shrugs useful for much as an assistance exercise for raw bench? Or even the deadlift? Or are they best left for aesthetics? I don’t ever do them – my back work is limited to chins/pulls, rows, and face pulls – but I’m wondering if they’re worth putting in when my bench progress slows

    Thanks for the great article, and for the Coffinworm recommendation! Buying that album online right now.


  • Pingback by » Good fitness articles for the week part 2 Milton Keynes MMA — February 5, 2012 @ 12:12 pm

    [...] All About the Bench Press by Jim Wendler [...]

  • Pingback by All About the Bench Press | Tc Training Systems — February 21, 2012 @ 9:00 pm

    [...] Leave a Comment All About the Bench Press I have been inundated with questions about the bench press.  While far from a good bench presser, here are some tips/tricks that I’ve written over the past year or so.  Eat up. The popularity of the bench press needs no introduction – it’s the Prom King, captain of the football [...] JimWendler.com [...]

  • Comment by Nicolas — March 19, 2012 @ 3:51 pm

    Doing more pec seems to make my shoulder very shore with the 5/3/1. Any advice?

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